“Church” is one of those prominent New Testament (NT) words which are not as easily found in the Old Testament (OT). This is not because such words are not prominent in the OT, too, but because of translation issues. The purpose of this post is to help you see better where the word “church” shows up in the OT and how it is translated into English, at least in the New American Standard Bible (NASB). (The NASB is one of the most literal English translations, so finding such words in less literal translations would be even harder.)
The Strong’s Concordance number for “church” is 1577 – ekklesia. That word is translated in the NASB NT in the following ways (the number of occurrences of each is shown parenthetically): assembly(3), church(74), churches(35), congregation(2).
The list of OT verses below is taken from the ABP Lexical Concordance, which is an interlinear translation of the Septuagint (LXX). Specifically, this is the ABP’s list of the occurrences of ekklesia 1577 in the OT. To the right of each chapter-verse citation I have shown how the ABP translates the verse, making bold the English word translated from the Greek ekklesia 1577. Then following in italics is the NASB OT translation of the verse. Thus this list is a correlation of ABP and the NASB. More precisely, it is the correlation of ABP occurrences of ekklesia 1577 in the OT with the NASB OT translation of those occurrences.
The ABP shows 74 verses in which the Greek word ekklesia 1577 occurs in the OT. Where the word occasionally occurs more than once in a single verse is it noted by an asterisk immediately after the chapter-verse citation. And, of course. there will be more than one English word highlighted in the verse in those cases.
(For reference purposes, I’ll add that the ABP shows ekklesia 1577 occurring in 112 NT verses; this compares to the NASB showing it as occurring in 111 verses. The list of verses is identical between them except that the ABP includes Acts 2:47. I attribute this to ABP and the NASB looking at different Greek manuscripts for this verse. The ABP fits with the translation you see in the King James Version of that verse. Of course, the presence of absence of ekklesia 1577 in that verse does not change the meaning. You would not consider the KJV and NASB to be saying different things.)
When it comes to which word in the NASB OT translation correlates to ekklesia 1577, it is an inexact science. This is because the NASB, like most English translations, translates the OT from the Hebrew (Masoretic Text – MT) and not the Greek (LXX). In most cases, it’s quite clear which word in the NASB OT verse applies to the word for “church” in the corresponding LXX verse, but in others some educated guesswork is involved. In any case, you will be able to see both translations and judge for yourself.
Here then is the list of all 74 occurrences in the Old Testament of the word that is usually translated “church” in the New Testament:
Deuteronomy 4:10 – Specially the day which you stood in the presence of the LORD your God in Horeb, in the day of the assembly; for the LORD said to me, Hold an assembly to me, and let the people hear my words! so that they should learn to fear me all the days which they live upon the earth, and that they should have taught their sons.
“Remember the day you stood before the LORD your God at Horeb, when the LORD said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me, that I may let them hear My words so they may learn to fear Me all the days they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children.’
Deuteronomy 9:10 – And the LORD gave to me the two tablets of stone, being written by the finger of God, And upon them he had written all the words, the ones which the LORD spoke to you in the mountain, from amidst the fire, in the day of assembly.
“The LORD gave me the two tablets of stone written by the finger of God; and on them were all the words which the LORD had spoken with you at the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly.
Deuteronomy 18:16 – According to all as much as you asked of the LORD your God in Horeb, in the day of the assembly, saying, We shall not to hear the voice of the LORD your God, and this great fire we shall not see any longer, nor shall we die.
“This is according to all that you asked of the LORD your God in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, ‘Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, or I will die.’
Deuteronomy 23:1 – One with crushed testicles shall not enter (nor being cut off) into the assembly of the LORD,
No one who is emasculated or has his male organ cut off shall enter the assembly of the LORD.
Deuteronomy 23:2 – One born of a harlot shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD unto the tenth generation.
“No one of illegitimate birth shall enter the assembly of the LORD; none of his descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall enter the assembly of the LORD.
Deuteronomy 23:3* – The Ammonite and Moabite shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD; even unto the tenth generation he shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD, even unto into the eon,
“No Ammonite or Moabite shall enter the assembly of the LORD; none of their descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall ever enter the assembly of the LORD,
Deuteronomy 23:8 – If they shall bear sons to themselves in the third generation, they shall enter into the assembly of the LORD.
“The sons of the third generation who are born to them may enter the assembly of the LORD.
Deuteronomy 31:30 – And Moses spoke into the ears of all the assembly of Israel the words of this ode, until completion.
Then Moses spoke in the hearing of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song, until they were complete:
Joshua 8:35 – There was not a word from all which Moses gave charge to Joshua, which Joshua did not read into the ears of all the assembly of Israel, to the men, and to the women, and to the servants, and to the foreigners going with Israel.
There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded which Joshua did not read before all the assembly of Israel with the women and the little ones and the strangers who were living among them.
Judges 20:2 – And the region established all of the people in all the tribes of Israel in the assembly of the people of God – four hundred thousand men on foot unsheathing the broadsword.
The chiefs of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, took their stand in the assembly of the people of God, 400,000 foot soldiers who drew the sword.
Judges 21:5 – And the sons of Israel said, Who is the one not ascending among the assembly from all of the tribes of Israel to the LORD? For there was a great oath concerning the one not ascending to the LORD in Mizpeh, saying, To death he shall die.
Then the sons of Israel said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Israel who did not come up in the assembly to the LORD?” For they had taken a great oath concerning him who did not come up to the LORD at Mizpah, saying, “He shall surely be put to death.”
Judges 21:8 – And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel which did not ascend to the LORD in Mizpeh? And behold, no man came to the camp from Jabeish Giled to the assembly.
And they said, “What one is there of the tribes of Israel who did not come up to the LORD at Mizpah?” And behold, no one had come to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the assembly.
1 Samuel 17:47 – And all this assembly shall know that it is not by the broadsword, and spear the LORD delivers; for the war is of the LORD, and the LORD shall deliver you into our hands.
and that all this assembly may know that the LORD does not deliver by sword or by spear; for the battle is the LORD’S and He will give you into our hands.”
1 Samuel 19:20 – And Saul sent messengers to take David. And coming they saw the assembly of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel stood ordained over them. And spirit of God became upon the messengers of Saul, and they prophesied, even they.
Then Saul sent messengers to take David, but when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing and presiding over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul; and they also prophesied.
1 Kings 8:14 – And the king turned his face, and blessed all Israel. And all the assembly of Israel stood.
Then the king faced about and blessed all the assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel was standing.
1 Kings 8:22 – And Solomon stood in front of the altar of the LORD before all the assembly of Israel. And he opened and spread out his hands into the heaven.
Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven.
1 Kings 8:55 – And he stood, and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a great voice, saying,
And he stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying:
1 Kings 8:65 – And Solomon observed the holiday feast in that day, and Israel with him, a great assembly from the entering of Hamath unto the River of Egypt, before the LORD our God seven days and seven days – four and ten days.
So Solomon observed the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great assembly from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt, before the LORD our God, for seven days and seven more days, even fourteen days.
1 Chronicles 13:2 – And David said to all the assembly of Israel, If it seems good to you, and by the LORD our God, that he should prosper the way, then we should send to our brethren being left in all the land of Israel, and the priests the Levites with them, which are in the cities of their possession, that they shall be gathered together to us.
David said to all the assembly of Israel, “If it seems good to you, and if it is from the LORD our God, let us send everywhere to our kinsmen who remain in all the land of Israel, also to the priests and Levites who are with them in their cities with pasture lands, that they may meet with us;
1 Chronicles 13:4 – And all the assembly said to do so, for the word was upright in the eyes of all the people.
Then all the assembly said that they would do so, for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.
1 Chronicles 28:2 – And David the king stood in the midst of the assembly, and he said, hear me my brethren, and my people! It came to me in heart to build a house for a rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and a station to be the footstool of the feet of God. And I prepared the things for the needful construction.
Then King David rose to his feet and said, “Listen to me, my brethren and my people; I had intended to build a permanent home for the ark of the covenant of the LORD and for the footstool of our God. So I had made preparations to build it.
1 Chronicles 28:8 – And now according to the eyes of all Israel of every assembly of the LORD, and in the ears of our God, guard and seek all the commandments of the LORD our God! that you should inherit the good land and should inherit it to your sons after you unto the eon.
“So now, in the sight of all Israel, the assembly of the LORD, and in the hearing of our God, observe and seek after all the commandments of the LORD your God so that you may possess the good land and bequeath it to your sons after you forever.
1 Chronicles 29:1 – And David the king said to all the assembly, Solomon my son, in whom the LORD has taken for himself, is young and tender, and the work is great; for the place of abode is not to man, but only to the LORD God.
Then King David said to the entire assembly, “My son Solomon, whom alone God has chosen, is still young and inexperienced and the work is great; for the temple is not for man, but for the LORD God.
1 Chronicles 29:10 – And King David blessed the LORD before the assembly, saying, Blessed are you, O LORD God of Israel, our father from the eon and unto the eon.
So David blessed the LORD in the sight of all the assembly; and David said, “Blessed are You, O LORD God of Israel our father, forever and ever.
1 Chronicles 29:20* – And David said to all the assembly, Bless indeed the LORD our God! And all the assembly blessed the LORD, the God of their fathers, and bent the knees to do obeisance to the LORD, and to the king.
Then David said to all the assembly, “Now bless the LORD your God.” And all the assembly blessed the LORD, the God of their fathers, and bowed low and did homage to the LORD and to the king.
2 Chronicles 1:3 – And Solomon went out and all the assembly with him unto the high place in Gibeon, of which the tent of the testimony of God was located, which Moses the servant of the LORD made in the wilderness.
Then Solomon and all the assembly with him went to the high place which was at Gibeon, for God’s tent of meeting was there, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness.
2 Chronicles 1:5 – And the altar of brass which Bezaleel son of Uri son of Hur made was there before the tent of the LORD. And Solomon and the assembly sought by it.
Now the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, was there before the tabernacle of the LORD, and Solomon and the assembly sought it out.
2 Chronicles 6:3* – And the king turned his face, and he blessed all the assembly of Israel. And all the assembly of Israel stood by.
Then the king faced about and blessed all the assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel was standing.
2 Chronicles 6:12 – And he stood before the altar of the LORD, before all the assembly of Israel, and he opened and spread out his hands,
Then he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands.
2 Chronicles 6:13 – For Solomon made a brass platform, and he put it in the midst of the courtyard of the temple – five cubits was its length, and five cubits was its breadth, and three cubits was its height. And he stood upon it, and he bent upon his knees before all the assembly of Israel, and he opened and spread out his hands into the heaven.
Now Solomon had made a bronze platform, five cubits long, five cubits wide and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court; and he stood on it, knelt on his knees in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven.
2 Chronicles 7:8 – And Solomon observed the holiday at that time for seven days, and all Israel with him; an exceedingly great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath, and unto the rushing stream of Egypt.
So Solomon observed the feast at that time for seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly who came from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt.
2 Chronicles 10:3 – And they sent and called him. And Jeroboam came, and all the assembly of Israel, and theyspoke to Rehoboam, saying,
So they sent and summoned him. When Jeroboam and all Israel came, they spoke to Rehoboam, saying,
2 Chronicles 20:5 – And Jehoshaphat rose up in the assembly of Judah in Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD in front of the new courtyard,
Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD before the new court,
2 Chronicles 20:14 – And Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, son of Benaiah, son of Jeiel, son of Mattaniah the Levite of the sons of Asaph – came upon him spirit of the LORD in the assembly.
Then in the midst of the assembly the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite of the sons of Asaph;
2 Chronicles 23:3 – And all the assembly ordained a covenant in the house of God with the king. And he said to them, Behold, the son of the king, let him reign! as the LORD spoke concerning the house of David.
Then all the assembly made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And Jehoiada said to them, “Behold, the king’s son shall reign, as the LORD has spoken concerning the sons of David.
2 Chronicles 28:14 – And the warriors released the captivity and the spoils before the rulers and all the assembly.
So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the officers and all the assembly.
2 Chronicles 29:23 – And they brought the winter yearlings of the ones for a sin offering before the king and the assembly; and they placed their hands upon them.
Then they brought the male goats of the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid their hands on them.
2 Chronicles 29:28 – And all the assembly did obeisance, and the psalm singers were singing, and the trumpets trumpeting, until of which time the whole burnt-offering was completed.
While the whole assembly worshiped, the singers also sang and the trumpets sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.
2 Chronicles 29:31 – And Hezekiah answered and said, Now you filled your hands to the LORD, come forward and bring sacrifices of praise into the house of the LORD! And the assembly brought sacrifices and praise into the house of the LORD, and all eager in heart brought whole burnt-offerings.
Then Hezekiah said, “Now that you have consecrated yourselves to the LORD, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings to the house of the LORD.” And the assembly brought sacrifices and thank offerings, and all those who were willing brought burnt offerings.
2 Chronicles 29:32 – And the number of the whole burnt-offerings which the assembly offered was – seventy calves, a hundred rams, two hundred lambs; all these for a whole burnt-offering to the LORD.
The number of the burnt offerings which the assembly brought was 70 bulls, 100 rams, and 200 lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to the LORD.
2 Chronicles 30:2 – And the king planned, and the rulers, and all the assembly in Jerusalem to observe the passover in the second month.
For the king and his princes and all the assembly in Jerusalem had decided to celebrate the Passover in the second month,
2 Chronicles 30:4 – And the matter was pleasing before the king, and before the assembly.
Thus the thing was right in the sight of the king and all the assembly.
2 Chronicles 30:13 – And manypeople gatherered in Jerusalem to observe the holiday of the unleavened breads in the second month – an exceedingly vast assembly.
Now many people were gathered at Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the second month, a very large assembly.
2 Chronicles 30:17 – For a multitude of the assembly was not purified. And the Levites were to sacrifice the passover to all not able to be purified to the LORD.
For there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves; therefore, the Levites were over the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was unclean, in order to consecrate them to the LORD.
2 Chronicles 30:23 – And all the assembly counseled to observe another seven days. And they observed another seven days with gladness.
Then the whole assembly decided to celebrate the feast another seven days, so they celebrated the seven days with joy.
2 Chronicles 30:24 – For Hezekiah the king of Judah dedicated to all the assembly a thousand calves, and seven thousand sheep. And the rulers dedicated for the people a thousand calves and ten thousand sheep, and were sanctified of the priests in multitude.
For Hezekiah king of Judah had contributed to the assembly 1,000 bulls and 7,000 sheep, and the princes had contributed to the assembly 1,000 bulls and 10,000 sheep; and a large number of priests consecrated themselves.
2 Chronicles 30:25* – And all the assembly of Judah was glad, and the priests, and the Levites, and all the assembly coming from Israel, and the foreigners coming from the land of Israel, an the ones dwelling Judah.
All the assembly of Judah rejoiced, with the priests and the Levites and all the assembly that came from Israel, both the sojourners who came from the land of Israel and those living in Judah.
Ezra 2:64 – And all the assembly together were as four ten thousand, two thousand, three hundred sixty;
The whole assembly numbered 42,360,
Ezra 10:1 – And as Ezra prayed, and as he confessed weeping and falling before the house of God, there came together to him from Israel an exceedingly vast assembly, men and women and young people; for the people wept a great weeping.
Now while Ezra was praying and making confession, weeping and prostrating himself before the house of God, a very large assembly, men, women and children, gathered to him from Israel; for the people wept bitterly.
Ezra 10:8 – Every one who ever should not come for three days, according to the counsel of the rulers and of the elders, all his substance shall be devoted to consumption, and he shall be separated from the assembly of the resettlement.
and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the leaders and the elders, all his possessions should be forfeited and he himself excluded from the assembly of the exiles.
Ezra 10:12 – And answered all the assembly with a great voice, and said, According to your words which you said, thus we will do.
Then all the assembly replied with a loud voice, “That’s right! As you have said, so it is our duty to do.
Ezra 10:14 – Let indeed our rulers stand in every assembly! and to all the ones in our cities who settled with alien wives, let them come at arranged times, and with them the elders city by city, and judges to turn the anger of the rage of our God from us, on acount of this matter.
“Let our leaders represent the whole assembly and let all those in our cities who have married foreign wives come at appointed times, together with the elders and judges of each city, until the fierce anger of our God on account of this matter is turned away from us.”
Nehemiah 5:7 – And my heart took counsel with me, and I did combat against the important ones, and the rulers. And I said to them, Shall a man exact from his brother what you do? And I put upon them a great assembly.
I consulted with myself and contended with the nobles and the rulers and said to them, “You are exacting usury, each from his brother!” Therefore, I held a great assembly against them.
Nehemiah 5:13 – And I shook off my wrap, and said, Thus shall God shake off every man who does not stand by this word, of his house, and of his toil; and he will be thus shaken and empty. And all the assembly said, Amen. And they praised the LORD. And the people did this thing.
I also shook out the front of my garment and said, “Thus may God shake out every man from his house and from his possessions who does not fulfill this promise; even thus may he be shaken out and emptied.” And all the assembly said, “Amen!” And they praised the LORD. Then the people did according to this promise.
Nehemiah 7:66 – And all the assembly was in one accord, as four ten thousands and two thousand three hundred sixty,
The whole assembly together was 42,360,
Nehemiah 8:2 – And Ezra the priest brought the law before the assembly, from man unto woman, and all the ones perceiving to hear, on day one of the seventh month.
Then Ezra the priest brought the law before the assembly of men, women and all who could listen with understanding, on the first day of the seventh month.
Nehemiah 8:17 – And all the assembly of the ones returning from the captivity made tents, and they stayed in tents; for the sons of Israel did not do thus from the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day. And there became a great gladness – exceedingly much.
The entire assembly of those who had returned from the captivity made booths and lived in them. The sons of Israel had indeed not done so from the days of Joshua the son of Nun to that day. And there was great rejoicing.
Nehemiah 13:1 – In that day they read in the scroll of Moses into the ears of the people. And it was found written in it how that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not enter into the assembly of God unto the eon.
On that day they read aloud from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and there was found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God,
Job 30:28 – I went moaning with out a rein; and I have stood in the assembly crying out.
“I go about mourning without comfort;
I stand up in the assembly and cry out for help.
Psalm 22:22 – I shall describe your name to my brethren; in the midst of the assembly I will praise you.
I will tell of Your name to my brethren;
In the midst of the assembly I will praise You.
Psalm 22:25 – My high praise is about you. In the great assembly I shall confess to you. My vows I shall render in the presence of the ones fearing him.
From You comes my praise in the great assembly;
I shall pay my vows before those who fear Him.
Psalm 26:5 – I detested the assembly of ones doing wickedness; and with the impious in no way shall I sit.
I hate the assembly of evildoers,
And I will not sit with the wicked.
Psalm 26:12 – My foot stands in straightness. In the assemblies I shall bless you, O LORD.
My foot stands on a level place;
In the congregations I shall bless the LORD.
Psalm 35:18 – I shall make acknowledgement to you in the vast assembly; with grievous people I shall praise you.
I will give You thanks in the great congregation;
I will praise You among a mighty throng.
Psalm 40:9 – I announced good news – righteousness in the great assembly. Behold, in no wayshould I estrain my lips, O LORD, you know.
I have proclaimed glad tidings of righteousness in the great congregation;
Behold, I will not restrain my lips,
O LORD, You know.
Psalm 68:26 – In assemblies bless God! the LORD from the springs of Israel.
Bless God in the congregations,
Even the LORD, you who are of the fountain of Israel.
Psalm 89:5 – The heavens shall acknowledge your wonders, O LORD, and your truth in the assembly of the holy ones.
The heavens will praise Your wonders, O LORD;
Your faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.
Psalm 107:32 – Let them exalt him in the assembly of people, and let them praise him in the chair of the elders!
Let them extol Him also in the congregation of the people,
And praise Him at the seat of the elders.
Psalm 149:1 – Alleluiah. Sing to the LORD a new song, of his praise in the assembly of the sacred ones!
Praise the LORD!
Sing to the LORD a new song,
And His praise in the congregation of the godly ones.
Proverbs 5:14 – By little I came unto every evil in the midst of the assembly and congregation.
“I was almost in utter ruin
In the midst of the assembly and congregation.”
Lamentations 1:10 – The one afflicting his hand spread forth upon all the desirable things of hers. For she saw nations entering into her sanctuary – the ones which I charged them not to enter into your assembly.
The adversary has stretched out his hand
Over all her precious things,
For she has seen the nations enter her sanctuary,
The ones whom You commanded
That they should not enter into Your congregation.
Ezekiel 32:3 – Thus says Adonai the LORD; And I will put my net upon you by an assembly of many peoples and I will lead you by my hook.
Thus says the Lord GOD,
“Now I will spread My net over you
With a company of many peoples,
And they shall lift you up in My net.
Joel 2:16 – Gather together people! Sanctify an assembly! Choose elders! Gather together infants nursing breasts! Let the groom go forth from out of his bedroom, and the bride from out of her nuptual chamber.
Gather the people, sanctify the congregation,
Assemble the elders,
Gather the children and the nursing infants.
Let the bridegroom come out of his room
And the bride out of her bridal chamber.
Micah 2:5 – On account of this, there will not be for you one putting a measuring line for a lot in the assembly of the LORD.
“Therefore you will have no one stretching a measuring line
For you by lot in the assembly of the LORD.
Now for the summary:
As for the ABP OT:
The Greek word ekklesia 1577 is found in 74 vereses of the OT. In four of these verses (Deuteronomy 23:3; 1 Chronicles 29:20; 2 Chronicles 6:3; 30:25), there is a double occurrence of the word. That amounts to 78 occurrences in 74 verses. These double occurrences are translated with the same word in each case so I’ll stick with the 74 verse count from here on. All occurrences of ekklesia 1577 in the ABP are translated as “assembly.” (Two of them – Psalm 26:12 and Psalm 68:26 – are the plural form and therefore translated “assemblies.”)
As for the NASB OT:
The Hebrew equivalent of the Greek word ekklesia 1577 is found in 72 verses of the OT. 1 Chronicles 28:2 and 2 Chronicles 10:3 are the two verses which do not have an equivalent. This just owes to the differences between the Septuagint and the Masoretic Text, and, considering their differences in the textual heritage, such a number is incredibly small.
Of the 72 verses, 61 are translated “assembly,” 1 is translated “assemble” (Deuteronomy 4:10), 6 are translated “congregation,” 2 are translated “congregations” (Psalm 26:12 and Psalm 68:26, thus matching “assemblies” in the ABP), and 2 are translated “company.”
Except for “company” in 1 Samuel 19:20, the NASB consistently translates the Hebrew equivalent of ekklesia 1577 as “assembly” from its first occurrence in the OT all the way until the book of Psalms, where the variations begin. (That is, 1 Samuel 19:20 aside, the variations from “assembly,” few as they are, occur in Psalms, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Joel.)
Since there are 109 OT verses containing “assembly” in the NASB OT and only 61 of them can be traced to the Hebrew equivalent of ekklesia 1577, you cannot assume that “assembly” in the NASB OT is the same as the word you see as “church” in the NT – but most of them are.
There are 136 verses in the NASB OT containing the word “congregation” or “congregations.” However, we have only been able to trace 8 of these occurrences to a ekklesia 1577 equivalent.
There are 52 verses in the NASB OT containing the word “company” However, we have only been able to trace 2 of these occurrences to an ekklesia 1577 equivalent.
For a study of how the word ekklesia 1577 (i.e. the word for “church”) is used in the New Testament, see this post.
For a summary of how ekklesia 1577 (i.e., the word for “church”) is translated in both testaments, see this post.
The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.
Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted.