The letter to the Hebrews makes clear that Psalm 45 is of Christ.
Hebrews 1:8 But of the Son He says,
“YOUR THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER,
AND THE RIGHTEOUS SCEPTER IS THE SCEPTER OF HIS KINGDOM.
Hebrews 1:9 “YOU HAVE LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED LAWLESSNESS;
THEREFORE GOD, YOUR GOD, HAS ANOINTED YOU
WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE YOUR COMPANIONS.”
This passage from Hebrews is quoting verses 6 and 7 from Psalm 45. (That accounts for the letters that are in all capitals.)
Psalm 45 is about the marriage of the king of Israel. Of course, there are references to the people of God in the New Testament as the “bride” or “wife” or “virgin” being prepared for Christ. This reminds us of Esther being prepared for King Ahasuerus. In that story, Queen Vashti represents those who were to be betrothed to the King but were not worthy.
Over and over the New Testament extols “the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ,” and indeed Psalm 45:2 says to the king, “Grace is poured upon [or through] your lips.” The Greek word in the Septuagint version of this verse (ABP) is the same as the one used in the New Testament for grace. (This is also the case in Psalm 84:11 which speaks of the Lord and His grace.) The glory of Christ can be seen throughout the wedding psalm numbered as 45.
As the final verse of Psalm 45 suggests, may the King’s name be remembered in all generations. And in our generation we may add, “Especially ours!”
The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.
Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. (In the NASB, New Testament quotations of Old Testament verses are rendered in all capital letters.)