Here are the primary names or titles ascribed to Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew:
These names had been prophesied in the Old Testament, but no one was sure what they all meant nor how they related to each other. In Jesus of Nazareth, however, all the puzzle pieces fit together. Jesus suffered as a man that He might be glorified as God. For more on this, see The Old Testament (that is, the Hebrew Bible) Is About Jesus Christ – His Suffering and Glory.
Other names were applied to Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew, including Teacher and Rabbi. The names listed above, however, are the most notable ones – and all of them have prophetic significance (which means, among others things, an Old Testament background).
Of course, the most common way that Matthew refers to Jesus is as, simply, “Jesus.” Over 170 times, Matthew speaks of Jesus. “Jesus did this; Jesus did that.” “Jesus said this; Jesus said that.” Matthew does not normally say, “The Messiah did this,” or “The Son of God did that.” Those titles are usually employed when someone Matthew is quoting is speaking to or about Jesus.
You may recall that “Jesus” was the name given to Mary’s first child by an angel of the Lord (Matthew 1:21). “Jesus” is the Greek form of the Hebrew name “Joshua.” Therefore, a Jewish contemporary of Jesus would probably see His connection with Moses even more quickly than we would.
There’s a lot in a name. Especially when it comes to someone so true to His name.
Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted.