The Things of Christ

The things of God have become the things of Christ.  As Isaiah prophesied, “So they will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house”  (Isaiah 22:24).  And Jesus Himself said, “all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father” (John 5:23).

Here is an alphabetized list of some occurrences of “of Christ” in the NASB, which can be related the something previously applied to God:

“a bond-servant of Christ”  –  Galatians 1:10  (“a bond-servant of God”  –  Titus 1:1)

“the day of Christ”  –  Philippians 1:10  (“the day of God”  –  2 Peter 3:12)

“the face of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 4:6 (“the face of God”  –  Genesis 33:10)

“the fear of Christ”  –  Ephesians 5:21  (“the fear of God”  –  Genesis 20:11)

“the fullness of Christ”  –  Ephesians 4:13  (“the fullness of God”  –  Ephesians 3:19)

“the glory of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 4:4  (“the glory of God”  –  Psalm 19:1

“the gospel of Christ”  –  Romans 15:19  (“the gospel of God”  –  Mark 1:14)

“the grace of Christ”  –  Galatians 1:6  (“the grace of God”  –  Luke 2:40)

“the judgment seat of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 5:10  (“the judgment seat of God”  –  Romans 14:10)

“the kingdom of Christ”  –  Ephesians 5:5  (“the kingdom of God”  –  Mark 1:15)

“the knowledge of the Son of God”  –  Ephesians 4:13  (“the knowledge of God”  –  Colossians 1:10)

“the law of Christ” –  1 Corinthians 9:21  (“the law of God”  –  Joshua 24:26)

“the life of Jesus”  – 2 Corinthians 4:10, 11  (“the life of God”  –  Ephesians 4:18)

“the love of Christ”  –  Romans 8:35  (“the love of God”  –  Luke 11:42)

“the mystery of Christ”  –  Ephesians 3:4  (“the mystery of God”  – Revelation 10:7)

“the name of Christ”  –  1 Peter 4:14  (“the name of God”  –  Psalm 69:30)

“the peace of Christ”  –  Colossians 3:15  (“the peace of God”  –  Philippians 4:7)

“the power of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 12:9  (“the power of God”  –  Romans 1:16)

“the presence of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 2:10  (“the presence of God”  –  Ecclesiastes 5:1-2)

servants of Christ”  –  1 Corinthians 4:1  (“servants of God”  –  2 Corinthians 6:4)

“the Spirit of Christ”  –  Romans 8:9  (“the Spirit of God”  –  Genesis 1:2)

“the testimony of Jesus”  –  Revelation 1:9  (“the testimony of God”  –  1 Corinthians 2:1)

“the truth of Christ”  –  2 Corinthians 11:10  (“the truth of God”  –  Romans 1:25)

“the witnesses of Jesus”  –  Revelation 17:6  (“the witnesses of God” –  1 Corinthians 15:15)

“the word of Christ”  –  Colossians 3:16  (“the word of God”  –  1 Samuel 9:27)

“the work of Christ”  –  Philippians 2:30  (“the work of God”  –  Psalm 64:9)

“the works of Christ”  –  Matthew 11:2  (“the works of God”  – Psalm 66:5)

The things of God have become the things of Christ.  A list like this helps us to see examples of what this means.

Let us give Christ all the glory of God.

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. (In the NASB New Testament, quotations of the Old Testament are rendered in all capital letters in order to make them easier to identify.)

Contrasting Spirit, Spiritual, and Spiritually

This post is part of a series of posts On Becoming Spiritual.  

The words spirit, spiritual, and spiritually are often presented in contrast with other terms in the Bible.  These contrasts help us better understand these three cognates.

Keep in mind that while a contrast does not always imply opposites, it always implies some sort of distinguishing.

Here are some of the contrasts:

absent in body v. present in spirit  –  1 Corinthians 5:3 (see also Colossians 2:5)

according to the flesh v. according to the spirit  –  Roman 8:4-5

by human wisdom v. by the Spirit  –  1 Corinthans 2:13

body v. spirit  –  Romans 8:10; 1 Corinthians 7:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; James 2:26

flesh v. spirit  –  2 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Peter 3:18

in person v. in spirit  –  1 Thessalonians 2:17

in the flesh v. in the spirit  –  Romans 8:9; Philippians 3:3

natural(ly) v. spiritually  –  1 Corinthians 2:14

natural body v. spiritual body  –  1 Corinthians 15:44

on the flesh v. on the spirit  –  Romans 86

soul v. spirit  –  1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12

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For more on the general idea of contrasts, see Clarity Through Contrast.

For more on spirituality, see On Becoming Spiritual.

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. 

Understanding [Blank] in Spirit

The phrasing “[blank] in spirit” occurs 20 times in the Bible according to the search function in BibleGateway.com.  Practically all of them are listed below.

crushed in spirit  –  Psalm 34:18

fervent in spirit  –  Acts 18:25; Romans 12:11

grieved in spirit  –  Isaiah 54:6

humble in spirit  –  Proverbs 16:19; 1 Peter 3:8

moved in spirit  –  John 11:33

oppressed in spirit  –  1 Samuel 1:15

poor in spirit  –  Matthew 5:3

present in spirit  –  1 Corinthians 5:3

stagnant in spirit  –  Zephaniah 1:12

strong in spirit  –  Luke 1:80

troubled in spirit  –  John 13:21

united in spirit  –  Philippians 2:2

worship in spirit  –  John 4:24

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This post is part of a series of posts On Becoming Spiritual.

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. 

The Word “Spiritual” as an Adjective

The word “spiritual” appears in the NASB 26 times, all of them in the New Testament, according to the search function at BibleGateway.com.

Here are the nouns which “spiritual” modifies as an adjective, along with at least one citation of its occurrence:

…blessing  –  Ephesians 1:3

…body  –  1 Corinthians 15:44

…drink  –  1 Corinthians 10:4

…food  –  1 Corinthians 10:3

…gift  –  Romans 1:11; 1 Timothy 4:14

…house  –  1 Peter 2:5

…men  –  1 Corinthians 3:1

…rock  –  1 Corinthians 10:4

…sacrifices  –  1 Peter 2:5

…service  –  Romans 12:1  (in full, this occurrence reads “your spiritual service of worship”)

…songs  –  Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16

…things  –  Romans 15:27

…understanding  –  Colossians 1:9*

…wisdom  –  Colossians 1:9

What follows now are occurrences of “spiritual” as an adjective but where the noun is absent in the original text and has to be supplied by the translator, along with the supplied words:

1 Corinthians 2:13  –  …thoughts and …words

1 Corinthians 12:1  –  …gifts

1 Corinthians 14:1  –  …gifts

1 Corinthians 14:12  –  …gifts

Ephesians 6:12  –  …forces  (the full expression being “the spiritual forces of wickedness”)

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* The actual expression is “spiritual xxxxx and yyyyy” where this occurrence falls into the second place (yyyyy).

This post is one of the posts indexed at On Becoming Spiritual.

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. 

Understanding [Blank] of Spirit

The phrasing “[blank] of spirit” occurs only 8 times in the NASB according to the search function of BibleGateway.com.

Be aware that even if the syntax ([blank] of spirit} is the same in all these phrases, it does not necessarily follow that all are to be understood in the same way.  You have to look at each phrase in context.  That said, it is fair to conclude from what we see below that a spirit can vary, for example, from humble to proud – and that such spirits are therefore distinguishable from each other.

contrite of spirit  –  Isaiah 57:15*; 66:22

distinguishing of spirits  –  1 Corinthians 12:10

Father of spirits  –  Hebrews 12:9

haughtiness of spirit  –  Ecclesiastes 7:8

humble of spirit  –  Isaiah 66:22*

kind of spirit  –  Luke 9:55

lowly of spirit  –  Isaiah 57:15

patience of spirit  –  Ecclesiastes 7:8*

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* The actual expression is “xxxxx and yyyyy of spirit” where this occurrence fall into the first place (xxxxx).

This study on the word “spirit” can also be pursued on these posts:

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. (In the NASB New Testament, quotations of the Old Testament are rendered in all capital letters in order to make them easier to identify.)

Understanding [Blank] Spirit

In the Scriptures, a modifier may be placed before the word “spirit” to further delineate which, or what kind of, spirit is in view.  Here are some examples, followed by the number of times such a phrase occurs, and some specific places in Scripture where such phrasing may be found:

broken spirit  –  (4)  Psalm 51:17; Proverbs 17:22; 18:14; Isaiah 65:14

cool spirit  –  (1)  Proverbs 17:27

deaf spirit  –  Mark 9:25*

deceitful spirits  –  (1)  1 Timothy 4:1

deceiving spirit  –  (4)  1 Kings 22:22, 23; 2 Chronicles 18:21

departed spirits  –  (4)  Job 26:5; Psalm 88:10; Isaiah 26:14, 19

different spirit  –  (2)  Numbers 14:24; 2 Corinthians 11:4

divine spirit  –  (1)  Genesis 41:38

eternal Spirit  –  (1)  Hebrews9:14

every spirit  –  (5)  Ezekiel 21:7; 1 John 4:1, 2, 3

evil spirit(s) –  (13) 1 Samel 16:14; Acts 19:12-16

extraordinary spirit  –  (2)  Daniel 5:12; 6:3

four spirits  –  (1)  Zechariah 6:5

gentle spirit  –  1 Peter 3:4*

good Spirit –  (2)  Nehemiah 9:20; Psalm 143:10

haughty spirit  –  (1)  Proverbs 16:18

high spirits  –  (1)  Judges 16:25

Holy Spirit  –  (93)  Psalm 51:11; Luke 11:13

humble spirit  –  (1)  Proverbs 29:23

kindred spirit  –  (1)  Philippians 2:20

life-giving spirit  –  (1)  1 Corinthians 15:45

ministering spirits  –  (1)  Hebrews 1:14

mute spirit  –  (1)  Mark 9:25

new spirit  –  (3)  Ezekiel 11:19; 18:31; 36:26

no spirit  –  (1)  Joshua 5:1

no more spirit  –  (1)  1 Kings 10:5

one spirit  –  (6)  1 Corinthians 6:17; 1 Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 1:27

other spirits  –  (2)  Matthew 12:45; 11:26

quiet spirit  –  (1) 1 Peter 3:4

same spirit  –  (8)  2 Corinthians 4:13; 12:18

seven Spirits  – (4)  Revelation 1:4; 3:1; 4:5; 5:6

steadfast spirit  –  (1)  Psalm 51:10

unclean spirit(s)  –  (23)  Zechariah 13:2; Matthew 12:43

willing spirit  –  (1)  Psalm 51:12

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* The actual expression is “xxxxx and yyyyy spirit” where this occurrence falls into the first place (xxxxx).

This post is part of a series of posts On Becoming Spiritual.

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted. 

Understanding Spirit of [Blank]

In the Bible we find various occurrences of the phrase “spirit of” – the study of which can help us to understanding more about spirit and the spiritual dimension.

In Luke 9:55 Jesus says to two of His disciples, “You do not know what kind of spirit you are of.”  Perhaps a catalog of the kinds of spirit there are would help us toward being able to step up to a challenge like that.

Be aware that even if the syntax (spirit of [blank]) is the same in all these phrases, it does not necessarily follow that all are to be understood in the same way.  You have to look at each phrase in context.  That said, it is fair to conclude from what we see below that a spirit can vary, for example, from good to evil – and that such spirits are therefore distinguishable from each other.

Here therefore is a catalog of words that complete the phrase which begins “spirit of.”  The list is not exhaustive, but is of sufficient length to convey the variety of “spirit” that the Bible explicitly recognizes.  Each entry is followed by one or more examples of where it can be found in the NASB.  (For purposes of alphabetization,  articles are ignored.)

…adoption  –  Romans 8:15

…burning  –  Isaiah 4:4

…Christ  –  Romans 8:9; 1 Peter 1:11

…counsel  –  Isaiah 11:2

…deep sleep  –  Isaiah 29:10

…demon  –  see “unclean demon” below

…a destroyer  –  Jeremiah 51:1

…discipline  –  2 Timothy 1:7

…distortion  –  Isaiah 19:14

…divination  –  Acts 16:16

…Elijah  –  2 Kings 2:15  (see also “…in the spirit and power of…”)

…error  –  1 John 4:6

…fainting  –  Isaiah 61:3

…faith  –  2 Corinthians 4:13

…fear  –  2 Timothy 1:7 King James Version  (NASB renders as “timidity” – see below)

…the fear of the Lord  –  Isaiah 11:2

…gentleness  –  1 Corinthians 4:21; Galatians 6:1

…glory  –  1 Peter 4:14

…the gods  –  Daniel 5:14

…God  –  Genesis 1:2; Romans 8:9

…grace  –  Zechariah 12:10; Hebrews 10:29

…harlotry  –  Hosea 4:12; 5:4

…heaviness  –  Isaiah 61:3 King James Version (NASB renders as “fainting” – see above)

…holiness  –  Romans 1:4

…jealousy  –  Numbers 5:14

…Jesus  –  Acts 16:7

…Jesus Christ  –  Philippians 1:19

…judgment –  Isaiah 4:4

…justice  –  Isaiah 28:6

…knowledge  –  Isaiah 11:2

…life  –  Genesis 7:22; Romans 8:2

…the Lord  –  Judges 3:10

…the Lord God  –  Isaiah 61:1

…love  –  2 Timothy 1:7

…the lowly  –  Isaiah 57:15

…man  –  Proverbs 20:27

…mind  –  see “sound mind” below

…power  –  1 Corinthians 2:4*; 2 Timothy 1:7

…prophecy  –  Revelation 19:10

…slavery  –  Romans 8:15

…revelation  –  Ephesians 1:17

…sleep  –  see “deep sleep” above

…sound mind  –  2 Timothy 1:7 King James Version  (NASB renders as “discipline” – see above)

…strength  –  Isaiah 11:2

…stupor  –  Romans 11:8

…supplication  –  Zechariah 12:10

…timidity  –  2 Timothy 1:7

…truth  –  John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13

…an unclean demon  –  Luke 4:33

…understanding  –  Isaiah 11:2

…wisdom  –  Isaiah 11:2; Ephesians 1:17

…the world  –  1 Corinthians 2:12

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* The actual expression is “spirit of xxxxx and of yyyyy” where these occurrence fall into the second place (yyyyy).

To continue a study of the word “spirit,” see these posts:

The purpose of this blog is to proclaim Jesus Christ in terms familiar to those who read the Bible, and to help others become more familiar with the Bible. For those unfamiliar with the Bible, see the blog A Nonchurchgoer’s Guide to Jesus and His Kingdom.

Scripture quotations taken from the NASB, unless otherwise noted.